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July 26, 2017  
EDUCATION CENTER: Diagnostics
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  • Laparoscopy


    Overview:
    Reviewed by Marcela Millan, MD

    Laparoscopy is an examination that helps to identify pelvic pain. It may help identify endometriosis, ectopic pregnancy, pelvic inflammatory disease, cancer, or other disorders. Laparoscopy can also be used to obtain biopsies of the liver and ovaries, and to remove small ovarian cysts and tumors.

    Detailed Information:
    Laparoscopy is the direct visualization of the peritoneal cavity, ovaries, outside of the fallopian tubes and uterus using a laparoscope. The laparoscope is a telescope like instrument with a fiber optic system, which brings light into the abdomen. This procedure is usually performed under general anesthesia. Carbon dioxide gas is injected into the abdominal cavity through a special needle inserted below the navel. This is to enlarge the abdominal cavity and allow easier access and better viewing of the organs. A laparoscope is then introduced into the abdomen through a small navel incision and a probe is inserted through a second incision above the pubic hairline. The physican manipulates these instruments using the image provided by the laparoscope in the video monitor as a guide.

    Last updated: 06-Jun-07


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